Prof. Dr. Josep Peñuelas (CREAF-CSIC)
CSIC Research Professor & Main researcher
Global ecology, global change, climate change, pollution, atmosphere-biosphere, Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds emissions, remote sensing, plant ecophysiology, functioning and structure of terrestrial plants and ecosystems, chemical ecology, ecometabolomics, microbial ecology, macroecology and evolutionary ecology, biogeochemistry with special focus on phosphorus, environmental sustainability, food security and global health.
Dr. Iolanda Filella (CREAF-CSIC)
CSIC Senior Research Scientist
Development of remote sensing techniques to assess plant and ecosystem functioning, global and climate change effects on the structure and functioning of Mediterranean ecosystems, mechanisms and functions of plant-emitted volatile organic compounds.
Dr. Joan Llusià (CREAF-CSIC)
CREAF Research Scientist I3
Ecology of VOCs
Dr. Jordi Sardans (CREAF-CSIC)
CREAF Research Scientist I3
My main work is in the context of the relationships between terrestrial ecosystems structure and function with biogeochemical cycles (P, C, N, K,..), and coupling ecological stoichiometry and ecometabolomics approaches with ecosystems composition and function. I apply these studies to experimental and observational field data and to metadata analyses
Dr. Jofre Carnicer (University of Barcelona – UB and CREAF-CSIC)
Plant-herbivore interactions, arthropod biodiversity responses, wood growth and dendroecology.
Dr. Angela Ribas Artola
Dr. Sandra Nogué
Palaeoecology, Biogeography, Island Biology
My research interest examines the mechanisms by which vegetation interacts with the environment using a palaeoecological approach.
Prof. Weiqi Wang
Associate Researcher in Global Ecology Unit (CREAF-CSIC)
Global change and ecological stoichiometry, wetland biogeochemistry, industrial and agricultural wastes reuse in agriculture, greenhouse gases mitigation, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems
Dr. Akash Tariq
Associate Researcher in Global Ecology Unit (CREAF-CSIC)
Plant Ecophysiology, Plant-Soil Interaction, Plant Nutrition, Plant Biochemistry, Climate Change, Biogeochemistry, Plant and Soil Ecology, Ethnopharmacology
Dr. Dolores Asensio
Soil enzyme activity, microbial biomass, microbial stoichiometry, soil VOCs.
Dr. Oriol Grau
I am currently working as a postdoctoral researcher at the Global Ecology Unit (CREAF-CSIC-UAB, Catalonia). My research combines several disciplines in Ecology: plant biology, fungal biology, community structure, functional ecology, ecosystem dynamics, plant-soil interactions and diversity patterns. I have been doing research on contrasting ecosystems across the world: in alpine (Pyrenees, Himalaya), subarctic (Scandes), arctic (Greenland), tropical (French Guiana), and in mediterranean regions (Catalonia). I have conducted observational and experimental studies in most of these regions to analyse the effects of environmental variability on ecosystem functioning.
Dr. Olga Margalef
Biogeochemical aspects of phosphorus cycle.
Dr. Catherine Preece (CREAF-CSIC)
Postdoctoral Marie Curie fellow
I am a plant ecologist and my current work is investigating the effect of drought on plant-soil interactions in the Mediterranean-climate region. I am particularly interested in learning more about how plant root exudates mediate soil microbial diversity and function under water stress, and the feedbacks the microbial community have on plants. An increase in extreme drought events could negatively impact biodiversity and soil quality in both natural and agricultural habitats. Attempts to mitigate drought effects will benefit from a thorough understanding of water stress on plants and soils and also the complex interactions between the two.
Dr. Gerard Farré (CREAF-CSIC)
My research has focused on the measure of VOC emissions from plants, especially focusing on floral scent. I am especially interested in understanding the factors that exert evolutionary pressures determining floral emissions at the species and population level, and also the environmental factors that affect these emissions at the organism and tissue level through their effects on plant physiology and VOC physicochemistry. I am also interested in exploring the effects of such changes in floral scents on the ecological interactions that these emissions mediate with diverse floral visitors (pollinators, larcenists, florivores).
Dr. Stefania Mattana
Dr. Marc Peaucelle
I am an environmental scientist currently working on the representation of plants in global terrestrial biosphere models.
I'm particularly interested in the interactions between the vegetation and their environment, but also their ability to face environmental changes.
Dr. Mónica Ladrón de Guevara (CREAF-CSIC)
Post-doctoral Marie Curie fellow
I study, by using rainfall manipulation experiments, the adaptation capacity of dryland grass species to changes in soil water availability. The transgenerational effects of the treatments will be evaluated through phenotypic and genomic approaches.
Research project: Differential adaptation capacity of dryland grasses to directional changes in water availability (DIAGRASS)
Dr. Sara Marañón Jiménez
Postdoctoral Marie Curie fellow
Temperature-driven effects on the ecosystem C:N stoichiometry, soil N losses and N transformation rates assessed with isotope dilution and 15N tracing techniques, as well as on the changes of N transfer to plants through the symbiotic association with mycorrhiza.
Research project: Resilience of Soil Stoichiometry in subartic soils under Temperature- Induced Soil Carbon Losses: Where does the N go? (StoiCa)
Dr. Daijun Liu (CREAF-CSIC)
I focus on global change effects on forest ecosystem structure and function, especially on ecophysiological and demographical changes. I will study climate change and nutrient availability on forest growth, tree mortality and species recruitment, richness and vegetation productivity.
Dr. Chao Zhang
I focus on the response of ecosystem function and structure to climate change based on remote sensing technique. The objective is to assess the influence of climate change on carbon fixation at different temporal and spatial scales using photochemical reflectance index and fluorescence.
Dr. Estela Romero
I am an ecologist broadly interested in the effects of multiple stressors –natural or human related− on the functioning of ecosystems. I earned my degree in Environmental Sciences, and then moved to the Marine Ecology for my PhD. Much of my research interests lie at the intersection of environmental processes and human activities, and I am particularly enthusiastic about those projects that try to bridge science and resource management. I have worked in research institutions of Spain, the UK, and France, and in projects concerning terrestrial, marine and freshwater issues. My work so far has been focused on two major axes: (1) The functioning of coastal marine ecosystems, and specifically the response of plankton to changes in nutrients and turbulence; (2) The land-ocean interface, in particular the links existing between water resources, the agro−food system, and the flows of N and P to the environment. I am currently focused on characterising the N and P biogeochemical cycles in Mediterranean river basins.
Research project: Imbalance-P
Dr. Paolo Zuccarini
Agronomist/environmentalist specialized in plant ecophysiological responses to abiotic stresses in the frame of Climate Change, and in nutrient cycling in agricultural and forest ecosystems
“What makes leaves fall in autumn? A new process description for the timing of leaf senescence in temperate and boreal trees”. (Ref.: ERC Starting Grant 714916)
“Imbalance-P: Effects of phosphorus limitations on Life, Earth system and Society”. (Ref.: Synergy Grant 610028)
Dr. Ana María Yáñez
I am a post doctoral researcher with a Juan de la Cierva funding. I did my undergraduate in Environmental Science at the University of Nottingham. Then I did my master in Biogeochemical cycles and Atmospheric Sciences in Lund University, Sweden. After I did my PhD in climate and the environment at the Brazilian National Institute of Amazonian Research (INPA) in co-supervision with the Max Planck Institute of Chemistry. Afterwards I continued as a post doctorate researcher for MPIC in the Amazon. My research was based on the interactions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) within and above a central Amazonian tropical rainforest. My latest position as a Post doctoranl researcher was at Freiburg University (Germany), working in a ERC grant trying to find out how much carbon is emitted by plants through secondary plant metabolism from tropical plants.
I am interested in the interaction between forest ecosystems and the atmospheric chemistry. Forest can react very quickly to changes in environmental factors, and up to date, not all processes have been described or elucidated. As global temperatures increase and climate change exacerbates it is important to understand how forested areas will react to such changes, as the impact in atmosphere can be very large, from direct global warming via aerosol and carbon dioxide production, increase the atmospheric lifetime of pollutants, or even alter rain distribution locally. We need to provide better information for modellers, so they can constrain the processes governing the forest atmosphere interactions so better guidelines on mitigation and adaptation strategies can be suggested to policy-makers.
Research projects: VOCO and ATTO
Dr. Fei Lun
Global and Regional P Cycle and Budget, Land Use and Climate Change, Ecological Economics and Sustainable Development.
Research project: Effects of phosphorus limitations on Life, Earth system and Society
Dr. Mariana Teles
Effects of emerging contaminants, including nanoparticles, in aquatic organisms. Stress-immune responses in aquatic organisms. Endocrine disruption in fish. Non-invasive biomarkers in fish.
Dr. Samuli Junttila
Dr. Junttila is studying the movement of water within trees and forests and how the changes in water content are related to tree decline and tree mortality. He mainly utilizes remote sensing methods at various spatial and temporal scales to study these phenomena.
Capturing tree canopy water dynamics over time – from single canopies to landscape and global dynamics (CAWA)
Scan Forest Point Cloud Ecosystem – Research Infrastructure
Dr. Mukund Palat Rao
Postdoctoral Marie Curie Fellow
I am an Ecoclimatologist who researches the interactions between climate change and natural and human ecosystems. My expertise includes dendrochronology, plant ecophysiology, remote sensing, and climate science.
- Temporal dynamics of tree-growth and photosynthesis and their environmental drivers in the Lamont Sanctuary Forest Preserve
- Climate, human and ecosystem interactions in the face of a rapidly changing North Asian biome
- The fate of terrestrial forest carbon from photosynthesis to biomass under drought and climate change (TERRACARB)
Dr. Albert Bach (CREAF)
I am currently developing my PhD thesis titled " Forest and Human Health: a new approach for forest management?" in which we aim at unveiling the potential relations or not between forests and human health involving Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds.
Dr. Adrià Descals (CREAF-CSIC)
Algorithm development for the estimation of biophysical variables (LAI, FAPAR, and FCOVER) from Sentinel-3 observations, using existing satellite products and synthetic data sets as training data for machine learning models.
Research project: C-GLOPS1 project
Dr. Roger Grau-Andrés
My research has focused on the response of plant communities and soil biota to global change factors (e.g., altered precipitation regimes, fire regimes, land use, loss of plant functional groups), and the subsequent effects on ecosystem functioning. At CREAF, I study the relationship between the elemental composition of organisms and their functional traits, and how elemental composition and its diversity may drive productivity and stability in ecosystems.
Dr. Milagros Rodriguez-Caton
Affiliated Researcher (Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis, USA)
Climate and forest ecosystems interactions at different spacio-temporal scales: from the leaf to the ecosystem, and from diel to multi-decadal time scales. I use tree rings and remote sensing tools to reconstruct the climate of the past, and to assess the impacts of climate change on ecophysiology, forest productivity and forest mortality. I work in a variety of forests from wet tropical to arid mountainous. My current study site is located in La Selva Biological Station in Costa Rica.
Prof. Anping Chen
Anping is a broadly trained plant ecologist who studies processes ranging from fine-scale plant physiological and community dynamics to ecosystem- and global-scale fluxes of carbon and water.
He is particularly interested in ecosystem dynamics under extreme climate change and associated carbon and water cycle impacts. His research emphasizes multi-disciplinary tools (e.g., field surveys and experiments, remote sensing, statistical and process-based modeling) and the integration of multi-scale processes.
Affiliation: Colorado State University, USA.
Dr. Qin Wang
Qin Wang currently works at the Institute of Ecology & Forestry (SICAU) and CREAF center (UAB). Qin does research in Forest ecology and soil ecology.
Project name: Effects of gaps on the decomposition of fallen logs and attached epiphytic plant communities in subalpine forest, supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 31570445).
Construction of terrestrial carbon cycle parameter system and comprehensive assessment of carbon sources and sinks, supported by the National Key R&D Program of China [grant number 2017YFC0503906]
Contribution of litter carbon to soil organic carbon components and its response to seasonal snow cover changes in subalpine forest, supported by Program of Sichuan Excellent Youth Sci-Tech Foundation [grant number 2020JDJQ0052].
Dr. Huijun Ye
I focus on mechanisms underlying the response of soil nitrogen transformations and fates to phosphorus addition in forests.
Research project: Mechanisms underlying the response of soil nitrogen fates to phosphorus addition in low-subtropical plantations.
My research will focus on the metabolome profile of warming soils to examine the role of evolutionary processes, shifts in plant community functioning, soil functioning and carbon and nutrient metabolism, and distinguishing short-term plasticity and long-term adaptation.
Research Project: ESR8 FutureArtic - A glimpse into the Arctic future: equipping a unique natural experiment for next-generation ecosystem research
Interested in the responses of litter decomposition, soil stoichiometry, and forest ecosystem biogeochemistry to global change (nitrogen deposition, sulfur deposition, and phosphorus limitation), especially in subtropical forests.
National Science and technology support program; ‘12th Five-year plan’ of Sichuan Province and the Sci-tech Project of the ‘12th Five-year plan’ of China
Maria Vives Ingla
My main research topic is the ecology of VOCs emissions in the soil, biological and environmental effects. I will concentrate on the effect of biotic and abiotic factors on VOCs emissions in the soil and the interactions of biology and environment delivered by BVOCs, emphasizing the ecological significance.
Research project: Ecology of VOCs in soils: biological and environmental effects
Environmental Analytical Chemistry. Ecotoxicology. Investigation of emerging pollutants. Antibiotics as contaminants. Analysis of new pollutants. Determination of emerging contaminants in plants. Improvement of analytical methods. Determination of contaminants in soils.
Research project: Determination of emerging contaminants in plants and soils: antibiotics and pseudo hormonal compounds
Miquel Ferrín Guardiola
My research focuses on the structuring effect of dispersal and selective processes across community assemblages of bacteria, fungi, trees and arthropods at local scales
Project name: Decay of similarity across diverse tropical rainforest communities: integrating spatial and nutrient distances with scales of analysis.
Fernando Coello Sanz
My current research focuses on the role of different nutrient availability in plant community assembly processes.
Project name: The Role of Nutrient Availability in the Functional and Phylogenetic Diversity of Tree Communities in Tropical Rainforests.
I study the effect that a long-term experimental drought on a Mediterranean forest and scrub. I analyse adaptations at the ecophysiological, phenological and demographic level of model species in a scenario of extreme drought.
Project: Analysis of the regional-scale ecosystem network.
The aim of my PhD thesis is to discuss the role of phosphatases in agroecosystems using scientific articles published around the world. Phosphatases are enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of both esters and anhydrides of phosphoric acid and its measure is important to know the mineralization of P in soil and the response of these enzyme activities to changes in environmental factors, agricultural management and pollution. Fundamentally most of the experiments use the rapid enzyme assay based on p-nitrophenyl phosphate (pNPP) by Tabatai and Bremmer (1969) although this method has suffered upgrades. And in parallel other methods started to use artificial substrates which are well documented. All the present enzyme assays in each method measure potential and not real enzyme activities because every assay conditions are different from those occurring in situ. In my project I want to link the assays all over the world from the beginning to the present. My objective is to try to find relationships and patterns between the phosphatase’s activity in different conditions based on, for example, fluctuations of temperature and moisture of the soil, pH and substrate concentration, shaking, soil slurry...etc.
Use of the geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing in the assessment of crops evolution, in face of climatic events.
Project name: Núcleo de estudio de Agricultura, Clima y Tecnología, teniendo como área de interés el Paraguay.
Javier de la Casa Sánchez
The inexorable change in the stoichiometry of carbon and nitrogen relative to phosphorus and potassium, but also among other bioelements as calcium, magnesium of sulphur has no equivalent in Erath story; and yet it remains as a virtually unexplored research field with huge implications to ecosystem functioning, agriculture, food security and human health. I am joining the ELEMENTALSHIFT project to analyse the past trends in the changes of the bioelemental composition of organisms and soil. Moreover, our objective is to assess the current scenario of elementome shifting and the possible implications it may have for the present and future food security
Research project: ELEMENTALSHIFT
Vicky Almendra Correa Seminario
Plant ecology, Botany of higher plants, Taxonomy, Ethnobotany, Biogeography.
· 1). Worldwide Pollinator Operation Syngenta, Peru Chapter - Agrovision Company and RAPEL Company
· 2). In the Seedbed of research in Phanerogamic Botany, Ethnobotany, and Economic Botany at the National University of Piura, to train students to conduct research
I am currently a predoctoral student at the Ph.D. in Terrestrial Ecology at the UAB and CREAF. My research aims to improve the understanding of the functioning and dynamics of tropical forests through the application of the functional approach, and focuses on the study of; 1) the intraspecific variability of the functional traits of plants and their relationship with the ecosystem service of carbon sequestration; 2) the morphological and functional responses of seedlings to disturbances (drought, fire, and herbivory) and their potential use as predictors of changes in the growth of species during seedling establishment. Recently, I have studied the restoration processes, the production, and decomposition of litter, and the dynamics of nutrients in tropical forests.
Skills and expertise: Biodiversity, Forest Ecology, Applied Ecology, Litter Decomposition
Project name: CarbonTROFONIC: Assessment of the actual and potential Carbon stock of tropical forest fragments in the protected landscape of Miraflor-Moropotente in northwest Nicaragua.
The carbon and nitrogen dynamics across ecosystem components can provide a new strategy for elucidating biogeochemical cycles, and have increasingly been used to assess how aboveground and belowground systems respond to global climate change. Generally, terrestrial C and N cycles are indicated by changes in C and N dynamics in plants, soil, and microorganisms through their impacts on ecosystem production and decomposition processes. There remains considerable disagreement concerning the potential effects of global changes in C and N dynamics. Interactive effects among multiple concurrent global changes can have complex and prominent effects. To gain a better understanding of how global changes influences C and N dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems, it is useful to synthesize the disparate results of individual studies. The work enables a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of global changes and can guide management decisions.
The area I am now focus on the relationship between biogeochemical cycle of iron and C/N cycles. During my two-year study, I have accumulated a lot of experimental experience and now I am studying about iron-mediated soil C mineralization and greenhouse gas emissions on a global scale.
Research project: Emissions and associated microbial mechanisms for CH4 and N2O mediated by Fe3+ from paddy soils.
My main research contents include: 1) quantitative research on BVOC emissions (mainly terpenoids) from plants under multiple factors (nitrogen deposition and precipitation regime change) in subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests in South China; 2) the effects of N deposition and precipitation regime change on the structure and functional characteristics of leaf epiphytic and endophytic microbial community.
Research projects: 1) The National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars "Microbial regulation mechanism of soil ecological process in evergreen broad-leaved forest in response to environmental changes"; 2) National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) "The role and regulation mechanism of mycorrhizal fungi in soil nitrogen transformation under N deposition and precipitation regime change in subtropical forests".
Work interest: Carbon and water cycle coupling through vegetation, biosphere-atmosphere feedbacks, climate extremes, remote sensing, surface hydrology, vegetation biogeochemistry, modeling, machine learning, and statistical methods of data analysis
Detail description: I am a doctoral researcher at Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a visiting student at the Autonomous University of Barcelona working with Prof. Peñuelas. My research is related to the coupling between global carbon and water cycle through photosynthesis. I work with data from models, remote sensing, and flux towers using machine learning and statistical methods of modeling to gain new insight on the impacts of water stress on vegetation under climate change.
My research interest is in plant functional traits, including leaf economic spectrum, trade-offs of plant functional traits, intraspecific and interspecific trait variation, and plant-environment interactions. Besides, I have also researched the impact of global changes (increased nitrogen deposition, changes in precipitation patterns) on soil biochemical processes.
Prediction of Foliar Concentration to understand the mechanism of complex ecosystem. Indeed, to draw generalizable and robust conclusions from observations, it is essential to incorporate the ecological spatial-temporal data and climate information into explainable artificial intelligence modeling frameworks. In this study, aim is to predict the European foliar concentration maps of carbon fertilization effect on vegetation photosynthesis, based on ecological spatial-temporal datasets. Therefore, we use the framework of explainable and interpretable machine learning models to discover the complex interactions within the Carbon Fertilization Effect process.
Research project: European maps for Foliar concentration in Carbon Fertilization effect.
Passionate about climate change and the potential impacts on Earth's ecosystems based on multi-source data and remote sensing, particular focus on extreme events, drought, and terrestrial carbon cycle. The interaction of water and elevated CO2 (eCO2) effect on terrestrial carbon cycle remains unclear. The indirect effect of eCO2 on plant water use was hypothesized that impacts of water limitations on vegetation growth is potentially mitigated by eCO2 effect, however, this hypothesis is under controversial due to the relationship with other nutrients like N and P. I hope to focus on the interactions of water, nutrients, and eCO2 effect on biomass.
Field and lab assistant
Project: Desentrañar y aportar soluciones para mitigar y adaptarse a los cambios en los elementomas de los organismos, comunidades y ecosistemas (NUTRIARID)
Technician of ecometbaolomics
Dra. Anna Àvila Castells (CREAF)
CREAF Research Scientist
Ecology of atmospheric deposition
Prof. Jaume Terradas Serra (CREAF)
Dr. Francesc Sabater i Comas
Linking aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, nutrient cycling in freswhater and riparian forest ecosystems.
Dr. Alejandro Castellanos Villegas
Profesor Investigador Universidad de Sonora
Ecofisiología Vegetal y Funcionamiento de Ecosistemas de Zonas Áridas.
- Cambios de la cubierta vegetal e impactos de la actividad ganadera. Estudio de las interacciones ecológicas y socio-económicas.
- Estequiometría ecológica y percepción remota para el análisis de la distribución espacial e invasibilidad de zacate Buffel (Cenchrus ciliaris), en zonas prioritarias del Noroeste de México.
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